Science and technology in the Soviet Union

2017-07-27T17:29:54+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Akademgorodok, U-70 (synchrotron), Lenin Prize, GOST, 2K11 Krug, Duga radar, S-200 (missile), S-25 Berkut, S-75 Dvina, Space Race, Kola Superdeep Borehole, Radiosonde, Vsevobuch, Intelligentsia, VR (nerve agent), Mir mine, Elektrichka, Operation Osoaviakhim, 53T6, ABM-1 Galosh flashcards Science and technology in the Soviet Union
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  • Akademgorodok
    Akademgorodok (Russian: Академгородо́к; IPA: [ɐkəˌdʲemɡərɐˈdok], Academic Town) is a part of the Sovetsky District of the city of Novosibirsk, Russia, located 30 km south of the city center and about 10 km west of the Science town Koltsovo.
  • U-70 (synchrotron)
    U-70 (Russian: У-70) is a proton synchrotron with a final energy of 70 GeV, built in 1967 at the Institute for High Energy Physics in Protvino (near Serpukhov, Russia).
  • Lenin Prize
    The Lenin Prize (Russian: Ленинская премия) was one of the most prestigious awards of the Soviet Union, presented to individuals for accomplishments relating to science, literature, arts, architecture, and technology.
  • GOST
    GOST (Russian: ГОСТ) refers to a set of technical standards maintained by the Euro-Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (EASC), a regional standards organization operating under the auspices of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
  • 2K11 Krug
    The 2K11 Krug (Russian: 2К11 «Круг»; English: circle) is a Soviet and now Russian medium-range, medium-to-high altitude surface-to-air missile (SAM) system.
  • Duga radar
    Duga (Russian: Дуга) was a Soviet over-the-horizon (OTH) radar system used as part of the Soviet ABM early-warning network.
  • S-200 (missile)
    The NPO Almaz S-200 Angara/Vega/Dubna (Russian Ангара\Вега\Дубна), NATO reporting name SA-5 Gammon, is a very long range, medium-to-high altitude surface-to-air missile (SAM) system designed in the 1960s to defend large areas from bomber attack or other strategic aircraft.
  • S-25 Berkut
    The S-25 Berkut (Russian: С-25 «Беркут»; "Berkut" means golden eagle in English) is a surface-to-air guided missile, the first operational SAM system in the Soviet Union.
  • S-75 Dvina
    The S-75 Dvina (Russian: С-75; NATO reporting name SA-2 Guideline) is a Soviet-designed, high-altitude air defence system, built around a surface-to-air missile with command guidance.
  • Space Race
    The Space Race was a 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), for supremacy in spaceflight capability.
  • Kola Superdeep Borehole
    The Kola Superdeep Borehole (Russian: Кольская сверхглубокая скважина, Kolskaya sverkhglubokaya skvazhina) is the result of a scientific drilling project of the Soviet Union in the Pechengsky District, on the Kola Peninsula.
  • Radiosonde
    A radiosonde is a battery-powered telemetry instrument package carried into the atmosphere usually by a weather balloon that measures various atmospheric parameters and transmits them by radio to a ground receiver.
  • Vsevobuch
    Vsevobuch (Russian: всевобуч; IPA: [fsʲɪˈvobʊtɕ]), a portmanteau for "Universal Military Training" (Russian: всеобщее военное обучение, tr. vseobshcheye voyennoye obucheniye), was a system of compulsory military training for men practiced in the Russian SFSR governed by the Chief Administration of Universal Military Training of the People's Commissariat of Military Affairs.
  • Intelligentsia
    The intelligentsia (Latin: intellegentia, Polish: inteligencja, Russian: интеллигенция; IPA: [ɪntʲɪlʲɪˈɡʲentsɨjə]) is a status class of people engaged in complex mental labors meant to guide and critique and to assume leadership in shaping the culture and politics of their society.
  • VR (nerve agent)
    VR (Russian VX, Soviet V-gas, Substance 33, R-33) is a "V-series" nerve agent closely related (isomer) to the better-known VX nerve agent.
  • Mir mine
    The Mir mine (Russian: Кимберлитовая алмазная трубка «Мир» Kimberlitovaya Almaznaya Trubka "Mir"; English: kimberlite diamond pipe "Peace"), also called the Mirny mine, is a former open pit diamond mine, now inactive, located in Mirny, Eastern Siberia, Russia.
  • Elektrichka
    Elektrichka (Russian: электри́чка; Ukrainian: електри́чка, elektrychka) is a Soviet and Eastern bloc commuter (regional) mostly suburban electrical multiple unit passenger train.
  • Operation Osoaviakhim
    Operation Osoaviakhim was a Soviet operation which took place on 22 October 1946, with NKVD and Soviet army units forcibly (at gunpoint) recruiting more than 2,000 military-related technical specialists from the Soviet occupation zone of post-World-War-II Germany for employment in the Soviet Union.
  • 53T6
    The 53T6 (NATO reporting name: ABM-3 Gazelle, previously SH-08) is a Russian anti-ballistic missile.
  • ABM-1 Galosh
    The ABM-1 Galosh (Soviet designation A-350) was a Soviet, nuclear-tipped surface-to-air anti-ballistic missile.
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